4. Stories about Customs, Foods, Fashions in History

Story #1  –  Queen Elizabeth I of England required nothing less than complete devotion.
                     Her ladies in waiting given privilege of serving her but at a very high price.

Elizabeth appeared at court bedecked lavish gowns rich materials and vivid colors, her ladies obliged wear only black or white. No matter how attractive, plain uniformity of dress would draw all eyes to star of show. Testing effect this created, queen often ask foreigners what thought of ladies. All say something like unable to “judge stars in presence of the sun.” Exactly response Elizabeth required. Into later years as Queen took four hours every day ladies in waiting get her ready appear at court with her hair, makeup, clothes. Elizabeth I required all ladies in waiting allow her select each of their husbands. Powerful families all wanted sons be husbands – this gave her power over those families as well.



Story #2 –    Myths and Legends of England – Lady Godiva and Peeping Tom  Evidence supports Lady Godiva – Peeping Tom added 18th Cent. morals.

Lady Godiva, noblewoman lived Coventry, England eleventh century. With husband, Leofric III, Lady Godiva founded monastery Coventry, 1043. Tax burden peasant populace grew, mandated by Leofric, and Lady Godiva began campaigning tax reduction. Leofric agreed reduction one condition. Would reduce taxes when wife ride naked through market square Coventry. Once Lady Godiva ensured permission ride naked through town, she announced would do it. Legend says Godiva sent advance word to townspeople asking them avert eyes as she rode naked through market. No one saw her – a miracle from God to her husband who then complied. Except tailor named Tom, not help sneak peek she rode by. Immediately after viewing her, Tom was struck blind. From story comes phrase “Peeping Tom” in 18th Century. Historical evidence details Lady Godiva story, land and tax records of time. Women used symbol Lady Godiva inspire own demonstrations in modern times.

Story #3 – History helps us understand importance of food history and famous people..

From Ancient History, highly valuable commodity been salt. “Worth your salt” from Romans paid soldiers daily handfuls salt as salary. World “salary” from Roman word salary “salarium.” Word “salad” comes from Romans as salted leafy greens and vegetables. Ancient Egyptians, Hittites, Chinese, Incas, Greeks, Turks, Arabs salt unit of value. Romans roads move armies and salt. Hannibal invaded Rome unable capture Rome itself -ordered army to “salt” agricultural southern Italy. Guaranteed Rome not produce cheap food – leading downfall. Southern Italy today poverty ridden, non-productive still because salted it. American Revolution, worry for General Washington was salt. Cheaply available before war from British West Indies, colonies didn’t develop salt resources. 1775, salt imports stopped by British. British Special Forces to destroy salt convoys, salt sources. Without salt, Washington’s army not preserve meat, British goal defeat Americans by that. Washington and Continental Congress high priority developing salt sources.
(1) Romans (2) George Washington

Story #4 – What are the origins of Mother’s Day? Mother’s Day- origins in Civil War mother’s promoting peace reconciliation.  Mother’s Day Picnics with family to pray, sing hymns with Mother.

Ann Jarvis started campaign late 1850’s pull mothers together fight childhood diseases and child labor. Her daughter Anna is one who spent decades calling for Mother’s Day. It took off in great way in Civil War 1861-1865, with Mother’s Day Picnics. Purpose was for a day children and mothers could pray and sing hymns for sense of connection, promote peace and forgiveness after War.1870 Julia Ward Howe, who wrote “Battle Hymn of Republic” issued National Mother’s Day Proclamation calling for forgiveness.. Anna worked tirelessly getting many cities and states to issue Mother’s Day Proclamations. Finally in 1914, Congress and President Wilson issued joint statement calling for second Sunday in May as Mother’s Day. It was intentionally called “Mother’s Day” not “Mothers Day.” It was meant to apply specifically to each person’s mother. It is only now surpassed in gift giving by Christmas and is busiest day for restaurants for entire year. In 2016, Hallmark sold 133 million Mother’s Day cards